In addition to conventional needs, this process uses water in other ways as well, steam is injected underground to heat the oil enabling it to flow to the surface. The last common practice used to extract oil is by crack and fracture rock formations allowing the release of gas and fluids through hydraulic fracturing.
Water is used in the transportation of crude oil and gas no matter what type of extraction process is used. Water is used for compression of liquid natural gas and for hydrotesting.
Downstream refers to the refining of petroleum products such as motor fuels and lubricants, and the conversion of products to chemical base stocks. The major uses of water for downstream is for cooling, steam production, and process water.
Pure Water would love to help you with all of your oil and gas water treatment needs!